Тематический словарь Хуа-и и-ю

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На основе росписи проф. Мудрака О.А.

Based on the studies of prof. Mudrak O.A.

tėŋgiri sky
naran sun
sara moon
xôdun star
ke (= kėi) wind
e'ulen cloud
xunin smoke
kira'u frost
molsun ice
časun snow
doŋqôdun thunder
čüse pelting rain
qura rain
ši'uderen dew
soraŋxa rainbow
monijar brume
gilibeligan lightning
mundur hail
ojalar (tėŋgirijin ~) Млечный Путь Milky Way
qačar land
šira'u earth, ground
a'ula mountain
xoi (= xuai) forest
muren river
na'ur lake
qôroxan mountain brook
če'ele brook, creek
qumaki sand
bulax spring, well
subax runnel, kennel
tarijan field
tarijači farmer, peasant
bax garden
šibe'e fence
joxurqa fence, hedge
tô'osun dust, dirt
šibar dirt, mud
šildejen village, hamlet
usun water
dalai sea
doligijan wave
elesun pebble
ergi bank
ujer flood, spate
čila'un stone, rock
ke'er steppe, desert
mor road, trace
taba'an pass, notch
kôdo'e land, province
bo'am dam, barrage
amasar gape, hole
balaxasun tower, city
ulus state
bačar city, market
gurijen well, fence
derge'ur main road
obo'o burial stones
qabur spring (season)
čun summer
namur autumn, fall
ubul winter
čax time
xon year
udur day, daytime
süeni night
duli (udur ~) middleday
udeši evening
čiliger heat time
kojiten cold
bulijan warm
seri'un breezy, cool
qala'un hot
dula'an hot, sunheat
korbe iced, cold
čue'en chill
qata'ar early, first
manaxar (erte) tomorrow
šini (udur ~) the first day of the new year
čabusar (~ süeni) midnight
beler (~ erde) ancient times
edô'e now
narasun pine
arča juniper
gulusun bamboo
čigôrsun cypress tree
qailasun elm
xičesun willow
borokečeu blackthorn
čibuqan jujube
alima apple tree
čemiši fruit
gujlesun apricot
udzün grape
či'ax walnut
čeček flower
geši'un branch
nabučin leaf
xudza'ur root
kamqa'ul tumble-weed
širaličin nettle
xüre semen
qônox millet, чумиза
arbe barley
bu'udai wheat
tuturqan rice cereals
amun rice
burčax pea, bean
qôqôsun onion
so'uaŋgina onion, sorrel
sarimsax garlic
maŋgir odorous garlic, черемша
qa'un pumpkin
arbus water-melon
qabax vegetable marrow
badiŋqa (~ bačiŋqa) aubergin
kiči mustard
turma turnip
ebesun grass
modun tree
luŋ dragon
bars tiger
kers rhinoceros
arslan lion
otôga bear
moren horse
axta gelding riding horse
ačirxa stallion
ge'un mare
lausa mule
elčigan donkey
unuxan colt (before 2 years)
xuger ox
xugeči shepherd
qônin sheep
xoninči sheep's herdsman
čeren yellow antelope
qaqai pig
qaban boar
tuqul calf
čü'eberi jackal
čino wolf
bečin ape, monkey
xunegan fox
kirsa sand fox
aratai predator
buqu he-deer
buluxan sable, game
qarxulax small tiger
miči cat
temejen camel
ča'an elefant
taulai hare
čixar musky deer
qali'un otter
noxai dog
gučü(i) bitch
odos yak
čarijan hedgehog
mekiči pork
unejen cow
buto buffalo
jima'an goat
xuluqana mouse
noman mole
qurixan lamb
xuča ram
uguna billy-goat
čiqasun fish
nax menegai turtle
menegai turtle
xa'aličin spider
xerbegai butterfly
moxai snake
boko'una gad-fly
šimu'ul mosquito
čėurge locust
qôRoxai worm
široxalčin ant
bo'esun louse
burge flea
čumuran ground-squirrel
šibau'un bird
qaRudi phoenix
buRugut hawk, berkut
alaxta'un daw, jackdaw
tuRa'un crow
kučene turtle-dove (горлица)
uli owl
xarčixai hawk (сокол)
kirgui hawk (ястреб)
xele'e kite
takija hen, chicken
qalau'un goose
gungir male duck
tôti parrot
xaRijača swallow (bird)
sačixai magpie
xurqa'ul feasant
kokorčigan dove, pigeon
noqôsun duck
kidarčixan sparrow
tau'us peacock
šėŋxôr merlin
qun swan
lačen a k. of hawk
jitelogu hazel-hen hunting hawk (ястреб-перепелятник
turimtai a k. of hunting bird
bodena quail
sar duck-hawk, harrier
čü(i)xur horned owl
lax grouse (ŋ)
čaxalimai crossbil
qara'una a k. of bird ("water"+"old")
odun feather
čėu'ur wing
ba'ul claw
tuRu'un hoof
eber horn
arasun skin
xôši'un beak
del crest, mane
se'ul tail
kairsun scale
kôjisun navel
jasun bone
amdegan egg
nisi-qu to fly
gue-ku, gue to run, to go
iŋuliča-xan to neigh
xučam to bark
mo'eram to bellow
mailam to bleat
murgučeli-dun (< murguliče-) to gore
e'uden gate, entry
xa'alqa door
bosoxa doorstep
nirisun, niri'un (gerün ~) spine, house-top
qabusun, xabusun (geryn ~) chest клетка, veranda, porch
tulxa pole, pillar
ger house
ke'urge bridge
kerbiši brick
kebit shop, store
sume ger joss-house
qoRijan bailey, court
ordô ger palace
suburqan obelisk, memorial
čaxurasun residence
ni'e to open
qa'a- to close
tergen cart
gurdun wheel, cart-wheel
aral axle, pivot
kekesun arm, rung, radius
mo'er felloe, rim
bulu hob
iŋulax trunk, carcass (кузов)
čilbur bridle
mina'a lash
qalqa shield
čida lance, pike
uldu sword
suke axe
numun bow
ko bowstring
oraŋqa banner, flag
qada'ar bridle
doro'e ring in bull's nose, stirrup
qujax armour, mail
du'uluqa helm
sumun arrow
orbu'ur gun, cannon
korge big drum
kaŋgerge small drum
ančasun plough
qatu'ur sickle
oŋqača pan, trough
de'esun thread
jatuxan music
loŋqa bottle
čaxun (~ ajaqa) small cup, pan
cup, pan; small cup, pan ajaqa, ajaqa (čaxun ~)
xalbuxua spoon, laddle
čara cup
tabukei sieve, cribble
talabar tray, dish
jiraqa tea-kettle, tea-pot
čix bamboo screen
gumerge buttery, larder
xuxuta pouch, bag
sam comb
čeu'un (=žau~žo) needle
čüla lamp
gečigi'ur step of stair
sorbi staff, stick
ši'urge broom
tamqa stamp
saba battery, dish
uzuk (!-z-) writing, stylo
ča'alsun paper
beke ink
golimi net
xubuči'ur big net
toxo'an kettle
küaŋxo pestle
a'ur mortar
širi'e spit
toli mirror
čiji'ulsun matting
jiseri chair
dere cusion
batman weigher
xajiči scissors
čau'orqa (=šau~šo) bolt
čiri'ur key
sančali seat, chair
čargi knacker, castanets
šaŋ gong
qal fire
ne'uresun coal
dejel, de'el-ün (~ čaxa) clothes
qormai clothes' lap
čaRux shoe, footwear
qudusun boot (сапог)
sisgai felt
olosun hamp
čuča'an, čüča'an (~ dejel) thick
čaxa (de'elün ~) collar
kančun sleeve
buči braid, cord, belt
buse belt
emudun trousers
debusger mat, mattress
končile blanket
korge curtain
kojimusun (khuo- instead xuo-) felt socks
čama brocade
xarxumi embroidery
joŋqor raw silk
kip boiled silk cloth
oličin linen, cloth
xudasun thread
mindasun cotton wad
bosun cotton cloth
amusun gruel
buda'an rice gruel, cereal
darasun vine
šulen soup
dabusun salt
e'ukun fat
tosun butter
utmek bread
mixan meat
širaxasam (~ mixan) roasted meat
qataxasam (~ mixan) the meat of the best taste
tarak soured milk
esuk horse's milk
aijirax horse's milk
xurut curd
a'arči a k. of curd
bišilax cheese
širke vinegar
am remedy
amtan taste
amsa to taste
qoli to add spice
čina to boil
etke- to cut, slice
ide to eat
oles-be to hunger
čat-ba to be satiated
altan gold
moŋgun silver
erdini jewelry
qaši jasper
subut pearl
tana mother of pearl
čes copper
tu'ulgan lead
temur iron
čo'os (=čau-) money
bolor crystal, pebble
golejen (~ usun) mercury
širemun crude iron (чугун)
xaxan emperor
tušimel dignitary
nojan noble, grand
čerik soldier
gu'un man, person
uran craftsman, master
otoči doctor
tolegeči prophet, priest
baxči gardener
saiqalen friend, companion
čočin (=žau~žo) matchmaker
otogu (~ gu'un) old man
ečen householder, master
bo'ol slave
jirgen people, folk
uridus ancestor(s)
ečige father
ebin uncle, elder father's brother
abaqa uncle, minor father's brother
eke mother
axai (~ ekeči) elder aunt
naxačü(i) uncle (mother's brother)
čeje grandchild
aqa elder brother
ekči elder sister
do'ji younger sister
de'u younger brother
beRigan wife of elder brother
gergai wife
no'un child, baby, son
okin daughter
ko'un child, baby
jin niece, nephew (by mother)
beri daughter-in-law
guregėn son-in-law
epke wife's father
emege , emegu'un wife's mother, progenitor; female, woman
elenčük grand-grand-mother
boroxai grand-grand-father
ači grandchild (male, by father)
eregu'un man
xatun qaghan's wife, noble's wife
emegan old woman
kėušėŋ small boy
uri-sadun ancestor
daulaxči singer
xudulči merchant
čixuči fisher
abači hunter
bičeči writer
amitan (Pl) uterine
kita(t) chinese
maŋxo(l) friend, own tribe, tribesman
burxan Buddha
sarta'un moslems
bo'e medecine-man, shaman
jituxan shamanese, witch
tojin monk
čitkor demon
uaŋgun saint
o'erün , o'eRün (~ durabar) own; freedom, independence
bi I
či you, thou
bida we
nokor friend
mino mine
čino thine
jino his, her
adu'uči herdsman
bau'urči cook
elčin ambassador
ulači cavalier, rider
ba'atur hero
belbisun widow, widower
guda parent-in-law
teče'emel (~ ko'un) educated child
bača brother-in-law
qulasun thief
sonos to hear
uče to see
šixačėu'uče to spy (really a noun 'spy')
nėŋči to search, seek, chase (perhaps a noun)
uxtu to meet
maxta- to loud, carol
surxa- to teach
bari- to take, keep
ergu to erect, elevate
neme to add, patch
bau'uRa'ul to minify (Caus.)
čoloduba to meet
otorle to urge, cause
seReba to feel, sense
medeba to know, understand
taniba to recognize, know
uqa to economize, keep
toxto'a to establish, constitute
daqa to accompany, follow
durat to hope, consider
setki to think, contemplate
boluxa'a to investigate
asax to ask
gurbe to touch, attain
toritke to stay, stand
ča'a to inform, notice
qaqača to divide
guliče to wait
so'aŋgu to choose, select
na'adun to play, disport
jabu to go
qari, qari'un to return, return
jire to come
uge word, to say (ŋ)
daula to sing, make noise
unta to sleep
norus to doze, be dormant
uri to call
gure to ask, call, desire
qurim feast
soxtaba drunked
boči to dance, play music
šisgir to roar, howl
oŋši to read, declaim
gubur to beat
soko to abuse, insult
sogat to kneel
amu song
sa'u to seat
murgu to bow head
čeu'udun dream
seri-be to be awake
bai'i to stand, stay
uele work, practice
jor-či (= jau-) to go out, away
oro to come in, into
qar to go out
jine'e to be happy, to lough
sonči- to neglect, contemn
xüde to accompany, attend
xelumu to be sad, anguish
bajas-ba to be fine, joy
xiče to be confused
qolu-ba to dislike, hate
xaimos-ba to hate
kičejaŋgu to work, be diligent
jaram busy, occupied
ta'a jealousy, doubt
čirqalaŋ happy
a'iu to fear
kiliŋlam to be annoyed, rage
čobolaŋ (=žau~žo) warry, agony
ta'alam to love
čalixai to be lazy
qajilalam to pity, spare
so'iurqa to cheer, foster
amoRax beloved one, friend, companion
bejan rich
uge'u to be destitute, suffer
čidaxči potent
mergan mighty, powerful
qalam anxious
moŋqax stupid
qani to be stupid, mad
miŋsešen wise, having quick memory
biši'un fair, comfortable, smart
epke roll, wind, coil
bur-ku to cover
el-ku to hang on, wear
te'e to transport, bear
nokči to follow, go after
šitu to believe, found
ši'ur to sweep
tuligi to push
delet to beat, drub
asqa to pour out, sift
tata to pull
xurba to turn, reverse
talibi to put on, release
tet-ku to recline, bear on
tusür to pour out
abura to save, rescue
sana to deem, compute, think
qu'iu to ask for, seek, pray
ok to give
abu to take
eri to seek, search
daru to press
qadaqala to control, administer
xuja to bind
toxu to saddle
kotol to guide, drive
noko to add, patch
mulitul to take off, move out
xudalidu to send
etuldu to discuss, agree
čokija (žau-~žo-) to create, make in order
ta'ul to understand, distinguish
uruxši (~ jire) (to come) before
ne'utke to change
asara to take a care, guard
xači (~ qari'un) to thank
eneri-kui to pity
xurija to gather
jilxa to distinguish, discern
šilta'an reason, cause
qatu'ar (Ins.) together
nokoče to be in a company
šintaRam to hesitate
dapdan politeness, courtesy
jixejen to protect, defend
če'u-čėu to belt
qarbu to shoot with an arrow
durabar (o'elün ~) (Ins.) independence, freedom
xa'axlam dread, fear
xula'an red
koko blue
šira yellow
čaxan white
qara black
noxo'an green
čixijin  
al deep red, deep purple
šijidam trivial coloured
boro ashes coloured
dau'un sound, voice
uaŋgo colour
seu'uder shadow
gerel light, bright
a'ur air, atmosphere
gu'i odour, smell
nikan one
xojar two
xurban three
dorben four
tabun five
čir'ua'an six
dolo'an seven
naiman eight
jesun nine
xarban ten
xoren twenty
qučin thirty
dočin forty
tabin fifty
čiran sixty
dalan seventy
naijan eighty
jeren ninety
ča'un hundred
mingan thousand
tumen ten thousands
tuk (~ tumen) very much (10000*10000)
to'an number
kedun how many, how much
olon much, multiple, very
čuejen little
ču'iR shape, sight, class
koši pair
qaxča lonely, solitary
ore'elsun half
süruk drove, troop, group
kesek part
čarim half
dabuxur layer, stratum
beje body
teri'un head
ni'ur face
nidun eye
maŋlai forehead
qačar cheek
qabar nose
aman mouth
šidun tooth
kelen tongue
čikin ear
xanisqa eyebrow
sormue eyelid
xüsun hair
saxal beard
xurül lip
xo'olai throat
kuču'un neck
muro shoulder
ebuče'un breast
aru back
oro centre of the breast, lungs' plexus
čurokan heart
su'u armpit
qar hand
toqai elbow
xalaqan palm of the hand
quru'un finger
kimusun nail, claw
nudurxa fist
ke'eli belly
xeligan liver
a'ušigi lungs
šuelüsun gall
gedesun barrel, pod
deli'un spleen
kojisun navel
qabirxa rib
bo'ere kidney
bel loin
kol foot
ö[li]mi upper part of a foot, metatarsus
ula foot's sole
osogo heel
tobuk knee
šilibi shin
ši'a ankle, huckle-bone
jasun bone
čimegan marrow
mixan meat
čisun blood
sudasun vein, thread
širbusun sinew, tendon
kolüesun sweat
nisun snot, snivel
mėŋge birth-mark
nilbusun tear
taRasun bald, naked
doxalaŋ lame
soxar blind
dulaiji deaf
kelegai stammerer, dumb
taluxun fat
turuxan thin
amin life
niules-kui humanity
naira-qui debt, justice, right
tore law, sacral law
iosun (~iau-) tradition, real law
uxa'an mind, comprehension
bišire'ul belief
čorix (žo-~žau-) ambition, aspiration, will-power
aburi goodness, morality
dorona east
emune south
xoRone west
umere north
dunda middle
dora down
de'ere upwards
dotora into
xadana outside
urida before
qojina backside, afterwards
če'un left
bara'un right
ča'ura gap, middle
kiča'ar border, limit
uču'ur stalk, stem
xiru'ar bottom, foundation
berke hard, difficult
kilibar easy, light
bue to be (Aux.)
ugai not to be
ulu not, no
butugai to finish, close
adali similar
sačeu identically, similar
čuep real, right
buru'u false, untrue
maqat probably, perhaps
xoxtorxu emptiness
oter quickly, hurry
alu'ur slow
turgen solid, reliable
dolüejen calm, quiet, slow
jeke big
uču(i)gan small
undur long, high
boxoni short, low
kundu heavy
küaŋgan light in weight
urdu long
oKor short
Kolo far away
ojira near
gun deep
gojen shallow
a'ue broad
xi'utan narrow
kondolen across
undus to stay vertically
tubušin right, flat, plain
čueli'u oblique
gegejen light, bright
buluŋgir muddy, dreggy
du'uren full
orgen broad
šini new
qa'učin old, time-worn
togarik round
qabataxai flat
ningen thin, weak
čuča'an thick
čue'elen soft, weak
qatau'u strong, hard
o'eŋgu hooked, awry, broken
šidurxu honest
čiqul narrow
tarqa bulge
delike to spread out
qurča sharp
moxodax blunt
keberek fragile
torün before
bara-ba to end, stop
udu[ri] forward, before
tegusi equal
jada-m to be unable
čida-m to can
mau'un bed
sajin good, fine, nice
amuxulaŋ peace
qaqarxaj evident, clear
tetulu somersault
jende here
tende there
sajitur with a pleasure
ja'un kereg what is the matter
ojiri near
eče'egurtele acceptable
gunke peace (taipin)
ali which
daruj-dur now, at this moment
ulu xaličaxu without any difficulty
dau'uber poor, lean
e'uber poor, lean
kerbe if
keduj-ba although
ker if
kejen in this way, so called