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    The Stone of Genghis-Khan The stone of Genghis The first written monument in Mongolian
      Monumenta Altaica/Ancient and Medieval Monuments
    The Stone of Genghis-khan is the most ancient written monument of mongols. The scholars suppose that it was erected approximately in 1224-1225. This stone was found by russian scientist G.I.Spasskij in 1832, who brought it to Saint-Petersburg. It is now in the collection of the famous museum of Hermitage.

    The inscription on this stone may be transliterated this way:

    "Cinggis qan-i sartaGul irgen daquliju baGuju xamuG monGol ulus un arad i Buqa Sociqai xurigsan tur Esunke QonGodorun Gurban jaGud Gucin tabun alda tur ontudlu Ga" according to some translations it means the following: "While all the mongols were celebrating the victory of Genghis-khan over the Sartool people in Buqa Sociqai, Esunke Qongodorun shot an arrow up to the 335 fathoms"

    In other words

    After the victory over Sartool Genghis-khan made a feast for all the mongols. During the feast arrow shooting competition was organized. The best shooter was lord Yesunke, a grandson (or, according to some sources, nephew) of Genghis-Khan, who shot an arrow up to the 335 fathoms"

    Доржи Банзаров. Объяснение монгольской надписи на памятнике князя Исунке, племянника Чингис-хана //Записки Императорского археологического общества, т. III, СПб 1851 г., стр. 268-292

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